- Algeria has approximately 600 water storage structures, including dams and small reservoirs, 13 water transfer systems, 25 desalination plants, water treatment systems with a capacity of one (1) billion m3/year, and nearly 280,000 boreholes.
- Algeria exploits nearly 11.3 billion m3 of water from different sources (groundwater, dams, boreholes, desalination plants, WWTPs), the objective being to reach, by 2030, a national dam storage capacity of 12 billion m3.
- 70% of the water resources mobilized in the country are intended for agriculture, with a view to irrigating areas of up to 1.5 million hectares.
- The dam storage level reached 29%, compared to 32% in December 2022, due to the low rainfall recorded in recent years.
- The water mobilization capacities of the country’s 81 dams will increase from their current level of 8.3 billion m3, to nearly nine (9) billion m3 in 2024, through the commissioning of five new dams.
- To remedy water stress, the hydraulics sector is pinning a lot of hope on seawater desalination plants (SWDPs), currently numbering 12 and 13 monoblocs across the country, pending their reinforcement by other structures, in the future, including the Corso (Boumerdes) desalination plant expected to be commissioned at the end of June 2023, with a view to covering 60% of the population’s drinking water needs by 2030.
- Meanwhile, Algeria launched five (5) major seawater desalination projects for a period not exceeding 25 months, with a capacity of 300,000 m3/day each. The projects, initiated in 2022, are located in the wilayas (Departments) of Tipaza (Fouka 2), Oran (Ras El Abiad), Béjaia (Toudja), Boumerdès (Cap Djinet) and El Tarf (Koudiet Eddraouch).
- Twelve (12) desalination plants and thirteen (13) monoblocs distributed along the coastal strip with a total desalination capacity of around 2.2 million m3/day are currently managed and operated to cover about 17% of drinking water needs across the country. The objective is to ensure 42% of safe drinking water supplies through seawater desalination by 2024, and 60% by 2030 with the commissioning of five (5) new desalination plants.
- Algeria produces annually 325,000 tons of hazardous or special waste, a significant part of which is recyclable. Spent batteries, waste oils, tyres, and electronic devices are among the main hazardous and special wastes.
* 65,000 tons/year of used battery waste, 100% is recovered.
* 249,000 tons/year of tyre waste, of which 4% are recovered, that is the equivalent of 9,600 tons annually.
* Between 30,000 and 40,000 tons/year of medical waste
* 923,000 classified companies, including 77,000 industrial enterprises and 900 public and private hospitals, producing special and hazardous on the whole.
- Management, control and disposal of waste shall be based on the principles laid down in Article 2 of Law No 01-19 of 12 December 2001 on waste management, control and disposal, as follows:
- prevention and reduction of waste generation and harmfulness at the source;
- Organizing waste sorting, collection, transport and treatment;
- waste recovery through its reuse, recycling and any other action aimed at obtaining, from this waste, reusable materials or energy;
- environmentally sound waste treatment;
- informing and raising citizens’ awareness of the risks posed by waste and its impact on health and the environment, as well as of the measures taken to prevent, reduce or compensate for such risks.
The National Renewable Energy Development Program
Installed capacity of 15 GW by 2035 (1,000 MW/year).
Renewable energies connected to one power grid:
- Overall capacity: 15,000 MW: depending on the available renewable energy potential and the absorption capacity of the power grid
- 1000 MW / year
- Call for tenders for investors and auctions
- Renewable energy sector: PV, CSP, wind, geothermal, biomass
Off-grid renewable energies and self-consumption:
- Actions undertaken for the development of this type of decentralized renewable energy production: Development of renewable energy self-consumption in individual solar kits
- Electrification of remote areas.
- Decarbonization of sectors (agriculture, water resources, industry…);
- Implementation of incentives: Guaranteed purchase price per kWh, investment premium for residential renewable energy kits
- Adaptation of current regulations for the management of other types of renewable energies such as Waste-to-energy schemes.
Renewable energy to develop the Green H2 sector for uses in the Energy Transition
- Hydrogen production
- Electric power generation from hydrogen
- Hydrogen Transport and Storage
- Hydrogen Injection Studies